Snowmobile Ordinance 1970


The People of the County of Crawford enact:

An Ordinance to regulate snowmobiles in the County of Crawford, Michigan


Section 1 Definitions

A.  Operator means any person who operates or is in actual physical control of the snowmobile.

B.  Owner means any person other than a lien holder having the property in or title to a snowmobile entitled to use or have possession thereof.

C.  Operate means to control the operation of a snowmobile.

D.  Snowmobile means any motorized vehicle designated for travel primarily on snow or ice, steered by wheels, skis or runners.

E.  County Road means the entire width between the boundary lines of every publicly maintained within the County of Crawford when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel including the shoulders and non paved area thereof.

F.  Police Officer or Law Enforcement Officer means a member of a Police Force or other organization of a City, County, Village or of the State of Michigan regularly employed as such and who is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and enforcement of the general criminal law.

G.  Passenger means any person being transported on the snowmobile who has no part in the operation of the conveyance.

Section 2 Registration

No snowmobile shall be operated within the County of Crawford unless registered in accordance with the provisions of Act 74 of 1968 of the Public Acts of the State of Michigan and identification numbers must be displayed as required thereby.

Certificate of Registration and / or Proof of Ownership shall be displayed upon demand of any uniformed Police Officer.

Section 3 Operation On County Roads

1.  No person may operate a snowmobile:

A.  On a County Road at a rate of speed greater than is reasonable and proper having the due regard for conditions then existing and in no event in excess of 20 miles per hour.

B.  While under the influence of intoxicating liquor or narcotic drugs, barbital, or any derivative of barbital.

C.  In any cemetery or in any established public park or recreation area unless specifically designated for operation of snowmobiles by the Crawford Board of Commissioners. 

D.  On private property without the consent of the property owner or his agent.

E.  In any parade or snofari unless specifically authorized by the Crawford County Sheriff's Office, Township Traffic Officer, Township Supervisor, or the Crawford County Board of Commissioners.

F.  With more than one passenger on a snowmobile or two if said snowmobile is designed for such capacity by manufacturer thereof.

G.  On any county road if road is not so approved by the Crawford County Road Commission or it's agent which will supply a list of unapproved roads, such list of unapproved roads shall be available at the Crawford County Sheriff's Office.

2.  Any person operating a snowmobile on a County Road must:

A.  Come to a complete stop at all intersections.

B.  Travel as close to the right edge of the plowed area of the road as practical.

C.  Obey all traffic signals, signs, and devices.

D.  Yield the Right of Way to all vehicular traffic and pedestrians.

E.  Not cross any County Road except at a road intersection of a road not prohibited by paragraph 1-G of this section.

Section 4 Careless Operation

No person shall operate a snowmobile in the County of Crawford in a careless or negligent manner likely to endanger any person or property.

Section 5 Equipment

A.  Unless it has at least one (1) headlight and one (1) tail light turned on at all times during operation on County roads.

B.  Unless it has adequate brakes capable of producing deceleration of fourteen feet a second on level ground at twenty miles per hour.

C.  Unless it is equipped with a muffler in good working order in constant operation to prevent excessive or unusual noise.

D.  Unless said snowmobile is equipped with and does carry, when it is being operated, a number of crash helmets equal to the number of operator and passengers and worn during operation by operator and passengers. Helmets must be approved by the Department of State Police in accordance with the provisions of Act Number 88 of the Public Acts of 1943, as amended, being sections 24.71 to 24.80 of the Compiled Laws of 1948 and subject to Act Number 197 of the Public Acts of 1952, as amended, being sections 24.101 to 24.110 of the compiled Laws of 1948. Rules in effect when this 1968 amendatory act takes effect shall apply to helmets required by this amendatory act.

Section 6 Notice of Accident

The operator of a snowmobile involved in an accident resulting in injuries to or death to any person, or property damage in an estimated amount of One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) or more or some person acting for him, or the owner of the snowmobile having knowledge of the accident shall immediately by the quickest means of communication notify the Police Department of the City of Grayling, a State Police Officer or of the Sheriff's Office of the County of Crawford of such accident. 

Section 7 Damage to Property - Owners Liability

A.  Any snowmobile operated within the County of Crawford shall be presumed to be operated with the consent of the owner.

B.  The owner of a snowmobile may be held jointly and severally liable with the driver thereof for damage arising out of the negligent or improper operation of the owners snowmobile.

C.  The owner of a snowmobile may be held jointly and severally liable to a property owner for three times the amount of damages to trees, shrubs, landscaping or personal property occurring on private property and caused by said snowmobile where the snowmobile is operated on private property without the consent of the property owner or his agent.

Section 8 Impoundment of Snowmobiles

Any snowmobile operated contrary to or in violation of any provisions of this ordinance or contrary to or in violation of any provisions of Public Acts of the State of Michigan may be impounded at the direction of any police officer. In the event a snowmobile is impounded, the owner of the snowmobile must pay the costs of transportation, towing, and storage and prove ownership of the snowmobile before it will be released to him.

Section 9 Violation - Misdemeanor

Any person who violates any provisions of this Act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. Maximum penalty for each violation shall be up to One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) fine and / or up to Ninety (90) days in the County Jail.

Section 10 Effective Date

This Ordinance shall take effect on December 14th, 1970 (sixty days after signed by the Governor).


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